Hop on board as we continue our journey Around the World in 80 Models! We began our itinerary at Sketchfab headquarters in New York and are working our way through Europe, Africa, Asia, Oceania, South America, and North America. To catch up on past destinations, check out the rest of the Around the World in 80 Models series.
This week we’re in Jerusalem, where archaeologist Jochen Reinhard takes us from the Iron Age to the Byzantine period by way of a section of the city’s walls.
Jerusalem, Israel: Mount Zion Excavation
Hi, my name is Jochen Reinhard. Originally from Hamburg, Germany, I’m now based in Central Switzerland. In my day job I’m an archaeologist at the Archaeological Department of the Canton of Zug, responsible mainly for excavation and survey work. In my free time (that’s mostly at night) I – like many archaeologists – tend to occupy myself with more archaeology. Amongst other things I try to integrate geeky hacker maker high tech low-budget stuff into my archaeological work in what I call ‘archaeobotics’ – aerial photography with poles, kites and multicopter or fixed wing drones, diving robots, fishfinder sonar, 3D modeling, 3D printing – you name it.
My first try at image based 3D modeling was in 2011, when by chance I stumbled upon the mention of PhotoScan in a kite aerial photography forum – right after I’d taken hundreds of kite photographs of an excavation site in Jordan, the Tall adh-Dhahab al-Gharbiyeh, most of them showing pretty much the same features. But redundancy equals overlap – I bought a new computer first thing next morning…
The 3D model featured here shows the situation on the last day of the 2015 campaign of the Mount Zion Cemetery excavation in Jerusalem, Israel, after weeks of clearing vegetation, dusty digging and shifting thousands of buckets of dirt. The excavation works are led by Prof. Dieter Vieweger and Katharina Palmberger M.A. from the GPIA in Jerusalem. The site is located south of today’s Old City, near Dormition Abbey on Mount Zion. Despite the name, not a cemetery, but the walls of the Iron Age to Byzantine City of Jerusalem have been unearthed (again).
The model itself was computed by Structure from Motion Photogrammetry with Agisoft PhotoScan Pro – my preferred method of 3D recording for archaeological purposes as computers, cameras and surveying equipment are readily at hand on every excavation whereas laser scanners normally are not. Katharina Palmberger, who took the photos, used a Canon EOS 700D (Rebel T5i) with a Sigma zoom lens. A few additional overhead shots were taken with a Sony Cyber-shot DSC-HX400V mounted on a pole (a level staff, to be precise) with help from Marcel Serr. The model was primarily meant as a means of creating mapping data to complement the survey measurements, like orthophotos, a digital elevation model and contour lines. Despite the non-ideal lighting conditions of the late Near Eastern summer with its glaring sun and hard shadows, the model turned out much better than expected – it fits the survey measurements just fine. And being able to put it on Sketchfab, too, to create a “guided tour” of the site is a huge plus!
To see more of Jochen’s models here on Sketchfab, check out his profile!